Explore 360

Machu Picchu Trek

The Hidden Valleys of Salkantay

  • Where?


  • Altitude


  • Duration

    12 days days

  • Weather

  • Physical


  • Technical


  • P3 - This trip is physically tough. Frequent exercise is necessary to prepare properly for this expedition. Regular walking mixed with training at the gym to build up endurance and cardiovascular fitness is key. Expect to be able to do 8 hour days in hilly and often steep train, carrying a pack of 6-10kg in weight with the occasional extra long day.

    Visit our Grading Information page for a full overview.

  • T2 - Consider this a trek, although there may be occasion to use hands for short sections of easy scrambling. No previous climbing or trekking experience is necessary.

    Visit our Grading Information page for a full overview.

  • Overview

  • Date & Prices

  • Pics & Vids

  • Itinerary

  • Kit List

  • FAQs


You’ll be captured by the beauty, remoteness, and solitude of the Andes during this exclusive trek. It is a different, unique, and pristine version of the Classic Salkantay trek to Machu Picchu.

Discover the southern face of this spectacular Apu Salkantay, “Wild Mountain Spirit”, the highest peak in the Vilcabamba Mountain Range. Andean mountain dwellers hold a strong belief that mountains are powerful deities, which guard and protect the communities that live on and near them. The magic and power of the Andes mountains will soak into your bones as you traverse these little-known mountain paths.

This is truly the “road less travelled”. You will absorb the remoteness and solitude of the area, striding across Andean valleys and encountering Inca stone ruins, seemingly a part of the natural landscape. We’ll hike near remote communities and run into the women and children who live their lives in this isolated region, as they watch over their herds. We’ll challenge our endurance by hiking over a spectacular pass to face snow-capped Mt. Salkantay, and finally descend along the edge of the Machu Picchu Sanctuary towards the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Marvel at the remains of ancient homes, walls, and Inca stairs at the little-known ruins of Huayna Q´ente and Machu Q´ente, apparently one with their natural surroundings. Both sites have been recently restored and get very few visitors. On Day 9 we head out onto the most beautiful section of the Royal Inca trail. A stunning jungle trek that will bring us to the Gateway of the Sun. As you step through the old stone gateway, Machu Picchu will appear before your eyes. A truly spectacular vision.

Find out more
Machu Picchu Trek ,  The Hidden Valleys of Salkantay

Date & Prices

For private trips or bespoke itineraries inc. different dates, please contact the 360 office on 0207 1834 360.

A monthly payment plan is possible, please contact the office to chat through the options.

For private trips or bespoke itineraries inc. different dates, please contact the 360 office on 0207 1834 360.
A monthly payment plan is possible, please contact the office to chat through the options.

Departure & Return


Price (excl. flight)

Price (incl. flight UK-UK)

Start: 19 May 2022
End: 30 May 2022

Price without flights:  £2,495
Price with flights: £3,365

Group Leader: Natalie Ironmonger.

19 May 2022

30 May 2022

12 days



Group Leader: Natalie Ironmonger.

Start: 07 June 2023
End: 18 June 2023

Price without flights:  £2,540
Price with flights: £3,410

07 June 2023

18 June 2023

12 days




  • International flights to Cusco (if taking this option)
    • Please note that we have based the flight prices on the current fares, but we may have to add an additional supplement to the expedition if fares increase due to the current situation with Covid-19.
  • Airport transfers
  • A 360 western leader when the group is 6 pax or more
  • Quality local English-speaking guides
  • 5 nights in hotels (3 stars)
  • All meals
  • Transport to the trail head in private vehicles
  • All camping and cooking equipment
  • All additional guides, porters, cook team and vehicles
  • Train to and from Machu Picchu
  • A guided tour of Machu Picchu
  • All entrance and camping fees
  • All Transfers between the ruins
  • 15% discount at Cotswold Outdoor
  • Monthly payment plan, on request

Not Included

  • Meals as indicated in the itinerary
  • Personal equipment and excess baggage
  • Staff/guide gratuities
  • Items of a personal nature: phone calls, laundry, room service, etc.
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Personal expenses
  • Insurance
  • If you wish to add on additional climbs to Huayna Picchu (approx. $60) & Machu Picchu mountain (approx. $55) you will need additional permits
  • Airport transfers when not booking on with flights
  • Any additional costs associated with leaving the expedition early including any airline surcharges as a result of changing return airline tickets
  • Visa (You don’t need a Visa to enter Peru if you’re from the UK. If travelling from other countries, it is always best to check.)

Pics & Vids


DAY 1 : Depart UK

Fly from London Heathrow to Cusco, Peru.

DAY 2 : Arrive Cusco

On arrival at the airport, we will be met and escorted to our hotel. After checking in, we’ll be introduced to the city with the “Locals’ guide to Cusco”. This short walking tour is a great way to get our bearings and also helps start with getting acclimatised to the altitude. The city’s beautiful historic centre was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983, with Inca and colonial architecture evident all around. Later in the day our guide will give us a full briefing for the adventure ahead.


DAY 3 : Cusco Outlying Ruins

This lovely day’s excursion is a superb introduction into the Inca heritage of Peru.

First, we visit the impressive site of Sacsayhuaman, where huge stone ramparts surround a beautiful grass amphitheatre. Once the scene of fierce battles, it now hosts the recreation of traditional Inca ceremonies such as Inti Raymi and Warachikuy.

Next is the Inca water temple of Tambo Machay, sitting at 3,700m, and the Red Fort of Puca Pucara followed by a picnic lunch nearby. From here, an optional hike following an ancient Inca trail takes us downhill to Cusco (or it’s possible to join the vehicle transfer), stopping at the Temple of the Moon and other historical sites along the way.

(BL*D) *Picnic lunch.

DAY 4 : Hike Moray Maras

We head towards Chinchero Plain before taking a dirt road to the incredible ruins of Moray. These rarely visited circular ruins are thought to have been agricultural experimental stations in the times of the Incas.

After visiting the ruins, we follow an ancient mule trail with spectacular views of the snow-capped Cordillera Vilcanota. We will also see examples of the finest Andean farming on our way. We head back across the plains to the interesting town of Maras for lunch.

In the afternoon we descend from Maras to the amazing Salinas, a series of salt pans that have been worked since Inca times. We explore this intriguing site then descend to the Urubamba River and our awaiting vehicle, which returns us to our hotel for the night.


DAY 5 : Limatambo – Tinko

From Cusco we drive toward Limatambo, past the Tika Tika Pass where we will have our first views of majestic Mount Salkantay and Humantay on the horizon, before crossing the Anta plateau. Driving through breathtaking panoramas in this vibrant agricultural region, with views of rugged snowcapped peaks in the background, we will arrive at the ruins of Tarawasi.  After a visit to this important Inca ceremonial centre, with its long, asymmetrical stone walls, we will continue our drive toward the trailhead at the village of Tomacaya, where we’ll begin our trek.

This day’s hiking is all uphill. As we are approach the heights, we’ll observe how the ecosystem changes with the altitude, starting in a relatively warm, sheltered valley where crops of fruits and vegetables thrive, then onto higher plateaus where native potatoes are grown. Finally, as we reach our campsite, we’ll observe herds of sheep and camelids grazing the high meadows.

We’ll sleep surrounded by a stream and side valleys in our campsite at Tinko (4,154m).


Driving distance: 77.2 km  – Approx. time: 2 hours 

Trekking distance: 11.1 km – Approx. time: 6-7 hours 

DAY 6 : Tinko – Tocto Pass – Pampacahuana – Mirador

Leaving Tinko, we will head up the valley and take the leftward trail to begin a long, uphill climb toward the pass. As the day warms up during our climb, we may see some Andean bird species, including endangered Andean Condors, if we’re lucky, as they soar majestically above the mountains. After 3-4 hours of steady climbing, we’ll arrive at the Tocto Pass (4,900m) where we’ll marvel at the incredible and dramatic views of the south face of Mt. Salkantay, while enjoying the special feeling of solitude that comes with knowing there are few other humans in the vicinity. We begin our descent along the Pampacahuana Valley toward our campsite at Mirador Pampacahuana (3,902m), all the while accompanied by amazing mountain views. On a clear day, we can see both the eastern face of Mt. Salkantay up the valley to our left, and Mt. Veronica down the valley to our right. We’ll sleep surrounded by mountains and stars in the Pampacahuana campsite (3,902m).


Trekking distance: 15 km – Approx. time: 6-7 hours  

DAY 7 : Mirador – Pampacahuana – Paucarcancha – Llactapata – Chamana

We’ll take our leave of imposing Mt. Salkantay and continue our hike downhill, along an ancient Inca canal flowing down the centre of the Pampacahua Valley, passing through a landscape dotted with small farm settlements. At the end of the valley, we’ll once more begin to observe a greater variety of vegetation as we descend past the tree line before arriving in Paucarcancha, a remote Inca site at the confluence of the Pampacahuana and Q’esca Valleys, where we’ll stop for lunch. After a short visit to explore the Inca stone walls and remnants of ancient houses at the site, we’ll continue our journey downhill and join the first stretch of the famed Inca Trail, descending toward Chamana. The campsite at Chamana (2,585m), located just outside the Llactapata ruins, once an important rest stop for the Inca on the way to Machu Picchu, will also be our private “rest stop” for this evening. We are the only company that uses this campsite, and we have equipped it with a hot shower ready to cleanse and refresh after the strenuous activity of the previous few days.


Trekking distance: 16.8 km – Approx. time: 7 hours 

DAY 8 : Chamana – Huayna Q’ente – Piscacucho – Ollantaytambo

At this point, we will be on the edge of the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary. After visiting the ruins of Huayna Q’ente, with its amazing Inca terraces and impressive landscaping, we will leave the National Sanctuary through the town of Qoriwairachina and head towards Piscacucho, where the main entrance to the Inca Trail is located. The trail will take us alongside the Vilcanota River and through several more ancient archaeological sites. In fact, this is the same path that Hiram Bingham used when he was first led to Machu Picchu by local people living here in 1911. From here, we’ll travel by car to Ollantaytambo where we’ll spend the night, before visiting the magical citadel of Machu Picchu the next day.


Trekking distance: 15.1 km – Approx time: 7 hours 

Driving distance: 15.6 km – Approx time: 30 min 

DAY 9 : Royal Inca Trail (km104) to Machu Picchu

We start the day with an early transfer to catch the train towards Machu Picchu. Jumping off at km104, we pass through the control point and begin our Inca Trail trek. First, we visit the recently restored ruins of Chachabamba before gradually ascending through tropical cloud forest up towards the base of Wiñay Wayna. Here we’ll climb more steeply on old Inca stairways through the beautiful terraces, stopping to explore the various buildings and water features. We’ll find somewhere to stop and enjoy our packed lunch, with a great view. We then continue on to what is perhaps the loveliest part of the whole Inca Trail.

Lush vegetation flanks us on either side, the scent of wild orchids abounds, and all around us brightly coloured tropical songbirds fill our ears with song. Soon, we reach a final set of stairs to arrive at Inti Punku, the gateway of the Sun. As we step through the old stone gate-way, Machu Picchu appears laid out before our eyes. After plenty of photos we’ll catch the bus down to the lively town of Machu Picchu Pueblo and a well-deserved hotel and shower and get ready for the next day’s extended tour of Machu Picchu.


DAY 10 : Machu Picchu tour and return to Cusco

Today we’ll explore the pinnacle of Inca engineering – Machu Picchu.

For years, it was lost to the jungle. Rediscovered in 1911 by the Yale professor Hiram Bingham, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007, Machu Picchu exceeds all expectations.

This astounding site lies in an even more astonishing location. Perched high on an inaccessible hilltop it is protected by huge cliffs and the raging Urubamba river. Things are slightly easier now than in the time of the Incas and so we start our day with a twenty-minute bus ride up to the site.

We plan to arrive early, which allows us to explore the ruins in the company of our guide, before it gets too busy. The guided tour takes around two hours leaving us a few hours free to wander amongst the old Inca walls and, if you wish, just sit and take in the scale of the place on your own. For those who want to walk a bit more, you could take the hour long trail up to the Sun Gate, or a shorter trail to visit the Inca Bridge which once spanned a sheer cliff face.

Eventually the time comes to catch the bus down to Machu Picchu Pueblo and board our train back along the Urubamba River. The scenery is beautiful and the train jolts softly along, allowing you to sit, stare out the window and reflect on all you have seen.

(B*L) Dinner tonight will be for you to choose from the many great restaurants that Cusco has to offer.

DAY 11 : Free morning in Cusco then onward travel

Back once more in the old Inca capital we have time to enjoy all that this city has to offer. Inca Museums, Coffee Museums, chocolate making classes, souvenir hunting or even just sitting in one of the many cafes and watching the world go by.

We’ll be transferred back to the airport in plenty of time for our flight out of Cusco.


DAY 12 : Arrive UK

We arrive back in the UK.

These are subject to minor changes depending on flight arrival and departure times, weather, group dynamics and fitness and so on, but the itinerary outlined provides an excellent indication of the trek and what you will experience.

Kit List

Bags & Packs

Kit bag

A 110L duffel bag.  A duffel bag is a strong, soft, weather resistant bag without wheels but with functional straps for carrying. Suitcases and wheeled bags are not suitable.

Dry stuffsacks

Nylon rolltop bags that keep fresh clothing and other important items like passports and iPods dry in the event of a total downpour that seeps into your kitbag. Good for quarantining old socks.

Please note that many countries are now banning plastic bags. We would always advise buying re-usable nylon rolltop bags for keeping your kit dry (and sustainability).


Approx. 30L capacity. Your day to day pack that you carry with your daily essentials, fitted with shoulder straps and importantly a waist belt.

Waterproof rucksack cover

To protect rucksack from rain.


For use on your kit bag for travel and on the expedition plus your hotel bag.

Quantity: 2

Sleeping Gear

4 Season sleeping bag

You should get a sleeping bag rated to -10C and choose a sleeping bag that functions within the comfort rating of this temperature. A silk sleeping bag liner will enhance this rating on the colder nights.

Sleeping bag liner

Silk is best for keeping the bag clean and you a little warmer. You can also opt for a thermal liner if you prefer to be extra cosy!


Warm headgear

This can be a warm hat, beanie, balaclava, anything to reduce the heat loss from your head.

Wide brimmed hat

Keeps the sun off exposed areas like ears and the nape of the neck.


Essential for protection from the sun and dust.


Worth spending money on good UV filters.  Julbo is our preferred supplier.


Buy the highest SPF you can find and lots of it.

Lip salve

Sun cream will not work on your lips and they are very susceptible to burn without proper protection.

Upper Body

Base layer

This is the layer closest to the skin and its principal function is to draw (wick) moisture and sweat away from the skin. You can also get thermal base layers for use at higher altitudes that provide an additional insulative layer while still drawing sweat during times of high exertion.

Quantity: 2

Mid layer

These are typically lightweight microfleeces or similar technology that provide varying degrees of warmth and insulation without being overly bulky or heavy to pack.

Gilet (optional)

Optional – A great low volume additional layer to keep your core warm, whether down, primaloft or fleece.

Light insulated jacket

A lighter jacket such as a Primaloft or lightweight down which can be worn at lower to mid altitudes is a great addition to your kit offering greater flexibility with layering.

Soft Shell (optional)

Optional – These should be windproof (not all are) and insulative. They are mostly made of soft polyester and sometimes resemble a neoprene finish which makes them very mobile and comfortable to wear. While offering a degree of weather repellence, they are not waterproof.

Hard Shell

These jackets are thin, highly waterproof and windproof and worn over all other items of clothing. You’ll find these made of Gore-Tex or other proprietary waterproof yet breathable technology. Inexpensive hard shells that aren’t breathable will prevent evaporation, making you sweat intensely and are not recommended.

Down jacket

Generally made using feathers, these are the ultra-warm and insulated layer that are used when at camp or in extremely cold environments. Those with a windproof outer fabric will provide the best insulation. Ask advice in the shop (or from us) when buying the jacket and mention you want it rated to -10C and the assistant will recommend the correct fill for you.

Warm gloves

Consider a polartec pair for higher altitudes and evenings.

Lower Body

Trekking trousers

These tend to be polyester so they dry quickly after a shower and weigh little in your pack. Consider perhaps a pair with detachable lower legs as an alternative to shorts.

Softshell trousers

Windproof or thermal lined trekking trousers for higher altitudes and the summit phase. Thermal leggings can still be worn underneath if necessary.


Waterproof trousers

Like the jacket, an essential piece of kit to stay dry and should also be Goretex.


Merino or wicking material, not cotton. How many pairs you take is entirely up to you.


3-4 season walking boots

3 season walking boots that are well broken in with mid – high ankle support.

Trekking socks

Start with lighter socks lower down, working up to thicker pairs for higher up as it gets colder. Some people like a clean pair every day, others are happy to change every other day – that’s a personal choice.

Quantity: 3

Spare laces

Just in case

Comfortable trainers

Trainers for camp and town, saves stomping around in heavy boots for the entire day.


Water bottles / bladder

2L capacity either in a combination of bladder and Nalgene bottle or just Nalgene bottles.

Water purification

Although generally all water is boiled some prefer to double up and add purification tabs as well. Always good to have in your bag.


Wash kit

Keep it simple on the mountain. Essentials are toothbrush, toothpaste and deodorant. Moisturiser is advisable, everything else is a luxury!

Travel towel

Travel towels from the likes of Lifesystems are perfect.

Wet wipes

These are great for washing when shower facilities become a thing of the past.

Alcohol gel

A must have for good camp hygiene

Ear plugs

For protection against the inevitable snorers!

Insect repellent

For early stages and once back down

Toilet paper

Provided on the mountain but a spare in your daysack may be useful if you need to hide behind a rock between camps

Nappy sacks or dog poo bags

Only needed to bag your toilet paper if you are caught short in between camps and for keeping your rubbish tidy in your tent


Personal first aid kit

The 360 med kits are designed to be used in emergencies and akin to an A&E rather than a pharmacy on Expeditions so please come prepared with useful meds for yourself such as painkillers (Ibuprofen if you can take it and a Paracetamol) plus blister plasters, plasters, antiseptic, rehydration sachets and any muscle rubs you wish to use.

Keep your personal medication in your daysack.


Head torch

We recommend Petzl head torches. Bring spare batteries.

Trekking poles

These tend to be a personal preference but help with your stability and can dampen the pressure on the knees coming down hill.


Bring plenty of spare batteries and memory cards

Penknife (optional)


You will be fed very well and given snacks each day however we advise bringing a small selection as a little bit of comfort. Extra snacks can be bought en-route if needed.


iPod, book, Kindle etc.



Don’t forget this! Your passport should have at least 6 months validity.  With your passport expiry date at least six months after the final day of travel.

Copy of passport

Just in case

Passport photos x 4

We need these to obtain your climbing and trekking permits

Quantity: 4

Dental check up

We recommend you have a dental check-up before your trip. New fillings can be an issue at altitude if there is an air pocket left in the gap.


We recommend you take around $350 with you in small denominations. This will allow for tip money plus any extras such as satellite phone calls and emergency funds. Small denominations are recommended as it may be difficult to obtain change and it will be easier to divide tip money.

Travel insurance

Copy of own travel insurance details and relevant contact numbers.

We have a partnership with True Traveller and would recommend that you contact them when looking for travel insurance for your trip with 360. However, it is vital that you ensure that the insurance cover they offer is suitable for you, taking your personal circumstances (items to be insured, cancellation cover, medical history) into account. Many other insurance providers are available and we do recommend that you shop around to get the best cover for you on the expedition you are undertaking.

It is your responsibility to ensure that you have the appropriate insurance for your intended trip.  To include medical evacuation and coverage up to the maximum altitude of this trip.


Food and Water

What is the food like during the hike?

Breakfast can vary from oatmeal to scramble eggs. While we trek, snacks will be provided containing fruit, dry fruits, and an energy bar. During lunch and dinner, you will always be provided with a starter  (soup), main dish, and dessert.

The underlying aim is to provide balanced, nutritional meals packed with carbohydrates to refuel hungry bodies and to replenish stores for the next day of activity. On top of well balanced meals you are provided with coffee, tea and snacks upon arrival into camp. The morning wake-up call is usually accompanied with a cup of tea or coffee in your tent. Do bring along any of your favourite snacks and goodie bags from home if you want. Concentrate on high energy food-stuff to give you that little boost on an arduous day.

I have food allergies; can these be catered for?

Absolutely, please inform the office of any allergies or intolerances and we will ensure that these are taken into account on the trek.

Can I have vegetarian meals, vegan or other special meals?

Absolutely, please inform the office of any allergies or intolerances and we will ensure that these are taken into account on the trek.

Where does the drinking water come from?

For the first day bottled drinking water will be used. At higher camps we will use locally sourced drinking water from streams or springs. These are usually fresh being topped up from melt water above or by rainfall.  We boil the water and then use water filters or purification tablets to make sure that no bacteria remain on our treatment of water. We always ensure that our drinking water is 100% bug free.

How often is fresh water available for replenishing during the day?

Before leaving camp in the morning you will fill your water bottles or camel bladder. If this runs low you will have ample water to replace it with. For most walking days water can be replenished at the lunchtime site.


How does tent sharing work? And how big are the tents?

Tent share is organised according to sex and, where possible, age groups. Obviously if trekking with a friend or partner then you will be able to share tents.

If you have joined the team by yourself then it is highly likely that you will be sharing a tent with your pre-assigned room buddy unless prior arrangements have been made. We use high quality 3 man tents to be shared between 2 people to provide extra space for your comfort.

Will the camp be freshly set up or will we be staying at existing camps at set sites on the way up?

Our local camp crew will set up the tents for you each night. We send them ahead of the group to secure the best site and to get the site prepared before you arrive. Bear in mind that these guys are also porters and when our walking days are shorter we might get to camp before them. If this occurs then have a cup of tea in the dining tent and wait for your tents to be ready.

Will the toileting facilities will be “au naturel”, or pit latrines?

We bring along our own toilet tents with Portaloo units. This allows us to maintain the best possible levels of hygiene without contributing to the toilet and subsequent health problems that can happen at some camps.

Health and Safety

What happens if there is a problem on the trek?

In the vast majority of cases of emergency rescue the problems can be attributed to altitude and if so, the solution is immediate descent to lower altitudes. Our local trekking crew are all experienced in dealing with problems that could arise. Our leaders are either doctors or qualified with the highest standard of wilderness first aid qualifications and can handle an emergency to the highest level of competency, in the vast majority of cases without national park assistance.

Am I likely to suffer from altitude sickness on this expedition?

There are different types of altitude sickness. Although our acclimatisation regime ensures that everybody enjoys the best possible chance of getting high on the mountain, altitude related problems can happen. The most common of these is acute mountain sickness (AMS).

Symptoms for this generally include headaches, nausea and vomiting.

In all this sounds quite dramatic but generally this is just the process your body naturally goes through to adjust to the higher altitudes and the reduced partial pressure of the atmosphere. For some people the acclimatisation process is a little longer and harder than others.

For our leaders this is all part and parcel of ascending high into the mountains.

We don’t recommend using Diamox as a prophylactic and if you have been prescribed it by your GP, please raise this with your expedition leader.

What should I do if I start suffering from AMS?

There are some basic measures you can take to help yourself should you start suffering from AMS. As headache is the most common symptom of AMS try taking a simple painkiller such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve the headache. If the headache disappears all well and good.

Please remember to inform your 360 Leader of any altitude symptom you may have and any medication you have taken as a result so they can keep an eye on you and advise accordingly.

Should someone develop severe AMS then the only cure is descent and as safety is our priority you will be taken down appropriately.

What can I do to help prevent AMS?

In most cases AMS can be avoided by the following: drink plenty of water, walk slowly, stay warm and eat well – and listen and talk to your guides.

We recommend that you familiarise yourself with the various effects that altitude can cause. During your pre-climb briefing, we will describe altitude sickness to you in detail, and advise you how to cope with it.

The most important thing is not to fear it, but to respect it and to know how to deal with it and more importantly tell your guides how you feel. Our guides have seen every condition that the mountain produces, and they will always know how to deal with problems.

Should I bring Diamox on the expedition with me?

Although we recommend you come armed with a course of Diamox or other high-altitude drug on this expedition, we do not recommend that take you these as a prophylactic during the trek or climb. We view Diamox as a treatment drug rather than a preventative medicine. Most adventure medics give similar advice, however we do appreciate this can be confusing, as many GPs (who aren’t necessarily mountaineers) do suggest taking it as a prophylactic.

We pride ourselves on designing all our itineraries with acclimatisation very much front and centre and this expedition itinerary has been carefully designed to allow for your body to adjust to the altitude gradually, safely and comfortably.

However, if you find that you are still having problems adjusting to the altitude (see our FAQ on Altitude Sickness) then your expedition leader or expedition medic will recommend the correct course of action regarding taking Diamox.

Should I take Diamox?

It is far preferable to take Diamox if and when needed during the course of the expedition. If you are already taking it and then start having altitude related problems you are left with few options but to descend to a more comfortable altitude which sadly often means that the summit is not attainable.

Furthermore, Diamox is a diuretic, meaning you will have to drink a lot of fluid to prevent dehydration. Of course, the upshot of this is you’ll have to pee more which means you’ll probably be having to get up more in the night and take cover behind rocks during the day. Another quite common side-effect is that it can cause your extremities to “buzz and tingle” including your fingers, toes and lips which can feel quite unsettling.  Other side-effects can include dizziness and light headedness with loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Although all these side-effects are manageable when you have symptoms of altitude sickness, we personally believe it is counter-intuitive to take it unless necessary.

Of course, it is totally up to you, this is just our recommendation and we’re not doctors. If you do decide to take Diamox on the advice of your doctor then please do let your leader know in situ so they are aware of this. We also suggest you take the drug for a couple of days a few weeks before travelling so you can experience the symptoms before taking them during the trek.

Do I need to take Malarial drugs?

The Malaria protozoa generally does not survive over an altitude of 1,500m so Malaria should pose no threat. We recommend that you visit your doctor or travel clinic before departure to get the latest advice.

You advocate taking a small first aid kit, what should it contain?

We advocate a little bit of self-help on the trek. If you have a blister developing for instance then please stop, take off your boot and treat it before it becomes a problem.

Your own first aid kit should contain: a basic blister kit, plasters, antiseptic, high factor sun-protection, your own personal medication (sometimes the mules might get to camp after you and if one is carrying your medication you may not be able to take it according to the regime you are used to), basic pain relief (aspirin and Ibuprofen), a personal course of antibiotics if prone to illness. Foot powder in your socks every morning is great for preventing blisters.

Generally, the best approach to take when packing your first aid kit is to include such basic medications as if you would on a family or personal holiday.

Your 360 expedition leader carries a very comprehensive first aid kit which contains a wide range of supplies and medications. He is fully trained to use whatever is needed for any emergency that may arise. We advocate keeping this in mind when packing your own first aid supplies and keeping your own FA kit as compact and light as possible.

What vaccinations do I need?

The following vaccinations are generally recommended:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Typhoid
  • Diphtheria
  • Tetanus
  • Polio

This list is not absolute and it is important you see your GP or visit your nearest travel clinic for latest recommendations and to ensure you are up to date on necessary vaccinations.


What clothing should I wear on the mountain?

Think about the time of year, and how high you are going. While you may swelter at the bottom of the mountains, it can get surprisingly nippy at altitude.

Both long sleeve tops and trekking trousers are recommended rather than shorts. Long sleeves and trousers are recommended as a deterrent to insects, scratches from bushes and to act as sun protection. Equally, if you wish to bring short sleeve tops or shorts, that’s fine, just be careful. Keep an eye on sunburn. The prevailing conditions of the day will dictate what you feel like wearing. And the layering system never fails. If you’re cold, put a layer on, if you’re hot, take one off.

What is the best type of footwear to use?

Because of the huge variety of terrain encountered when ascending these mountains, it is very important to wear the right footwear. Boots should be sturdy, waterproof, insulated against cold temperatures and offer adequate ankle support.

In addition, it is highly recommended that your boots are well worn in to prevent the formation of blisters. A wide range of suitable boots are on the market and further advice as to which brand names are available can be found online or at your local outdoor store. The leather / Goretex combinations are endless and each with their merits.

When in-store try lots of boots on, use the ramps in the shops to test their traction, make sure they are comfortable as you will be almost living in them for days on end and they are very important. Once you’ve found a pair you like, you think they’re comfortable, and will be for several hours a day, buy them. It is not necessary to buy technical boots with crampon clips as crampons are not used for climbing this mountain. But you may enjoy wearing lighter trekking shoes on more gentle days.

What should I carry inside my dayback?

A daysack is worn at all times during the trek. The content should include: a fleece (if we take a break later in the day when it has cooled down or weather changes), lightweight waterproofs (primarily to act as wind protection), sufficient water for the day, snacks, camera equipment, personal medication and a head torch.

Are down jackets necessary?

They are highly recommended, our guides wear them every evening. A layer system comprising of several layer of base layers, fleeces, jumpers and a jacket will suffice on most nights but nothing beats the efficiency of a good down jacket (especially when topped with a water proof layer).

How warm does my sleeping bag need to be?

It should be rated within the -10 C comfort zone. From the first camp upwards it is not unusual to experience frosty nights and a good night’s sleep is important to giving you the best chance to complete this trek. Ensure you get a sleeping bag that has this temperature rating as its comfort zone, not extreme zone. Our guides take sleeping bags rated to well below -10C to ensure that they are warm at night. 3 season sleeping bags can be enhanced by using an inner silk sheet (or similar).

The idea is to be as comfortable and warm as possible for the night and henceforth to ensure plenty of sleep for the arduous days ahead. It is important to remember that down sleeping bags work by your own body heating the down that’s inside the bag. Once you have warmed up the bag the down will retain the heat and ensure that you sleep at a temperature that’s your own body temperature.

For best results it is best to wear as little as possible when inside your sleeping bag. Our guides will often only wear a set of thermals in their bag. It is important for the bag to trap the heat. By wearing multiple layers of clothing your clothing will trap this heat and your bag will not function properly.

Is it possible to rent equipment before I go?

It is possible to rent kit in the UK. While we recommend the use of personal equipment whenever possible if you will be doing many more expeditions, the cost of equipping yourself can be a big deterrrent and hiring (or borrowing) is a worthwhile economy. Should you wish to rent any equipment, please take a look at Outdoor Hire and then the 360 kit lists under “Partners Kit Lists”. Peru Salkantay is listed.

What clothing is suitable for when we come back from the mountain?

Shorts and T-shirts are fine to wear during the course of the day. Evening wear generally tends to be casual with long trousers and casual shirt being appropriate for all hotels and restaurants.

Peruvians are generally quite conservative in their dress code and are generally well dressed. Your town and party clothes can be left in a safe lock up at the hotel and will not have to be taken on the trek.

The Trek

Where can I take the classic Machu Picchu photo from?

We will stop for photos when we get to the view point and also when we trek across it.

How many hours will I hike a day?

We will be trekking between 6-7 hours a day most days. The itinerary gives further detail on the distances and approximate times.

The Weather

What is the best time of the year to do the hike?

In the dry season, from April to November.

How cold can it get?

During the day temperatures can be warm and can even reach the mid 20C’s. In the evening higher up, it could drop to below freezing and have a distinct chill in the air. As you will be trekking in a mountain environment, the weather can change rapidly for the worse so you need to be prepared for all conditions. Even in good weather it is not uncommon to have short heavy downpours.


Do I need special travel insurance for the trek?

You must carry individual travel insurance to take part in the expedition. We cannot take you on the mountain without proof of insurance.

We run an affiliate programme with True Traveller, and other recommendations can be found on our links page.

It is your responsibility to ensure that you have the appropriate insurance for your intended trip, to include (at a minimum) medical evacuation and coverage up to the maximum altitude of this trip.

Your insurance details are requested on the booking form; however this can be arranged at a later date. 360 Expeditions will be requesting your insurance details 8 weeks before your departure.

Entry into Country

Do I need a visa for Peru?

UK citizens do not currently need to obtain a visa to visit Peru (although once you visit Machu Picchu you can receive a stamp in your passport if you wish) – do check out the visa requirements for your home country, or give the 360 office a call!


How can I best train / prepare for the hike?

Obviously, the best way to train for any expedition is to recreate the conditions of the climb as closely as possible. This is going to be difficult depending on where you are based geographically and we appreciate people have busy lives with work and family commitments.

Personal fitness is important for this trek, if you are struggling from day one then you will not enjoy the rest of the trip. Physical preparation does not have to be Herculean: concentrate on cardio-vascular exercise during the week by taking short runs when time allows and try to spend at least 2 weekends a month going on long walks (a decent six hours or 12 miles) carrying a rucksack of around 5kg in a reasonably hilly environment. Not sure what 5kg is? Put 5 one litre bottles of water into it.

This kind of regime will not only prepare your body for carrying minor loads but will harden your body against the big days on the trek itself. In addition, it will help break in your boots and get you used to your equipment. Check out the training plan at the end of the trip brochure, or get in touch with our friends at Joe’s Basecamp for training advice.

How out of my comfort zone will I be?

On a day to day level remember that you will be camping at altitude. You are likely to be cold, washing and toilet facilities will be limited, your appetite may be affected by the altitude and as you get higher on the trek you are likely to suffer shortness of breath and many people experience difficulty sleeping.

Remember that everyone on the trek is likely to be experiencing exactly the same symptoms: physical and mental.


What happens if I need to leave the trip early?

If a trekker needs to leave early, arrangements can be made with the assistance our 360 Leader. Additional costs (transport, hotels flights etc.) may be incurred by you but our guides will be able to assist in every detail of your departure.

What if I arrive early or depart late? Is there a single room option on this trip?

If you would like to arrive early before the trek or stay out for a few days then let us know and we can make arrangements for you. There is a single room option when we are city-based, again, please contact the office for more details.

When will you let me know my flight times?

360 will send you a flight schedule as soon as we have booked your flights. Final confirmation will be sent to you about three weeks before departure.


When is the money due for this expedition?

Generally speaking, deposits (which are non-refundable) are due upon booking, particularly if we are handling your flight bookings. The full amount should be paid 4 months prior to departure. However, having said this, our aim is to get you into the mountains and we understand that personal financial situations can vary. Please contact our friendly office crew to discuss a suitable payment plan. We have, after all, been in your shoes and go by the motto of ‘where there’s a will there’s a way’!

If you are doing this for charity, your chosen charity may have particular requirements that they will communicate to you.

What currency is used in Peru?

Peru uses the Peruvian Nuevo Sol (around 1.00 GBP = 4.60 PEN). However, you should keep an eye on the changing exchange rates. ATMs are widespread in more urban areas for both US dollars and nuevo soles but don’t always offer the most favourable rates. When receiving local currency, always ask for small bills (billetes pequeñas), as $100 bills are hard to change in small towns or for small purchases.

The best places to exchange money are normally casas de cambio (foreign exchange bureaus), which are fast, have longer hours and often give slightly better rates than banks. Many places accept US dollars. Do not accept torn money as it will likely not be accepted by Peruvians. It is best not to change money on the street as counterfeits are a problem.

What additional spending money will we need?

The amount of money you will need depends on how many presents you wish to buy or how much you wish to drink when you come off the hill. As a basic rule of thumb $200 USD should be more than adequate for any post expedition spending.

Peru is a relatively cheap place and when indulging in the local custom of haggling then goods can be very good value for money. Your 360 Leader will be happy to point out the relative bargains and the suitable prices plus where to get the best value for money.

How much do we tip our local crew?

Our local crew work extremely hard to ensure that your expedition runs well. While tipping is not compulsory, it is very much ingrained in the Peruvian culture. Once someone sees the hard work the crew provides and realises the small amount of money they get paid relative to your own income, tipping will seem the least you can do to say thank you. As a guide we suggest around $120 – $150 per trekker for the entire local crew to be shared amongst them.

Tipping the 360 Leader is entirely at your discretion, although it is their skill, effort and dedication that can make an expedition a success.

What is your cancellation policy? What is your refund policy?

Please read our terms and conditions carefully before you depart for details on this. 360 Expeditions highly recommends trip cancellation insurance for all expeditions as we must adhere to a stringent cancellation policy.


Will I be able to charge my camera/phone battery on the trek?

Opportunities are limited, please bring battery packs with you to charge your phone and camera. We use PowerTraveller for our power packs and solar charges and would highly recommend them!

Is there mobile phone reception on the trek?

There’s no phone reception during the trek.

Is a travel adaptor necessary for the plug sockets in the hotel or are they like UK?

Electricity in Peru is 220V, alternating at 60 Hertz which is similar to the UK. However, you will need either a flat blade or a two round pin plug adaptor or both as Peru generally accepts these two types of plug. You can buy these adaptors quite easily in the UK or at the airport.


Will my valuables be safe?

While we will do everything we can to provide adequate safety for the group and security for your possessions, the general rule is that if you don’t need it, don’t bring it. This includes jewellery, necklaces, rings and even watches. Your passport and money should be kept on you at all times. As with travel in any foreign country, you need to look after yourself and your possessions, and this is no different.

Who will I be talking to before departure?

We’re all here to answer any questions you may have, but you will mostly likely be talking to Marni about the trek, and Helen about any flight, invoice or financial queries. If you do have any queries, whether it’s about medical concerns, you’re unsure about certain things on the kit list, or you want to add a few days onto the expedition at the end to relax a bit, we encourage you to get in touch with us and Marni really loves to talk! The better informed you are, the more likely you are to take on your expedition with confidence, and thus reach your objective.

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